The NIKI organises and facilitates courses of the participating universities and offers its own courses for students and researchers. We strive for optimal alignment with the curricula of the participating universities.

The NIKI occupies a special position within Dutch academics by offering location-based courses. Lectures are alternated with excursions and visits to other academic institutions. Our courses are usually linked to new research by our academic staff.



The NIKI provides courses at bachelor’s and master’s level. These are primarily aimed at art history students of the participating universities.

Students are advised to check with their own faculty whether the credits obtained can be used within their own curriculum. Students are also advised to check with their own university whether there are possibilities for scholarships for participation in the course.


The art of Renaissance in Florence and Rome
Summer Course for International Students

Period: 05 July 2021 – 16 July 2021 (2 weeks)

Florence, originally founded by the Romans, was governed by the Medici family for centuries. Most of them had a passionate interest in painting, sculpture, architecture and literature. Still Florence keeps an exceptional artistic heritage which is a marvelous evidence of its aged culture.

Florence is the most marked example of Renaissance cities in Italy. Nowhere else in Italy does one find this multitude of buildings and works of art from this period. Among the cultural highlights is the magnificent cathedral (Santa Maria del Fiore), churches that contain breathtaking frescocycli, renowned museums (e.g. Uffizi, Bargello, Accademia), and impressive city-palaces (e.g. Palazzo Strozzi, Palazzo Rucellai, Palazzo Pitti, Palazzo Medici Riccardi and Palazzo Vecchio, the famous city hall). Apart from stimulating lectures the Summer School programme also includes a weekend excursion to Rome.

Teaching staff: Prof. dr. Michael Kwakkelstein, dr. Gert Jan van der Sman, and others
Organised in cooperation with Summerschool Utrecht

For further information, fees and registration see

Leonardo da Vinci. The tension between theory & practice

Florence, August 16-27, 2021

Professor: Michael W. Kwakkelstein, PhD
Classes: Monday-Friday
Location: The Dutch University Institute for Art History, Florence (NIKI)
Credits: 6 ECTS
Office hours: after class
Costs: € 10* per person per night (museum visits and travel expenses not included).
€ 12-15 Reader
*€ 25 per person per night for those who are not registered as a student at one of the six participating universities.

To apply: send your cv with GPA and letter of motivation before May 1st, 2021 to:

Course description
An in-depth study of the drawings, paintings, and writings of Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci 1452-Amboise, France 1519). This course seeks to define the relationship between Leonardo’s development as a painter and his scientific research. The student will become familiar not only with the artist’s individual masterpieces but also with his writings on painting and the implications of his concept of painting as a science. The student will gain insight into the design process of Leonardo’s painted works through an attentive analysis of the preparatory drawings that reveal a close study of cause and effect in Nature.

Course objectives
To introduce the student to the art and scientific thought of Leonardo da Vinci and to enable him or her to understand and appreciate the originality and universality of his genius. The student will learn the significance of Leonardo’s pioneering research in various branches of knowledge and will understand how that research relates to his artistic ideas about painting and his practice. The student will become familiar with the role drawing played not only in the creative process but also in the transmission of the vast body of knowledge Leonardo gathered with the intention to compile illustrated treatises for the benefit of the painter. Finally, daily class discussions of the literature in the Reader will aid the student in developing academic skills.

Course structure
The course will be a combination of lectures with power point presentation/discussions of the readings in class and guided visits on site in museums in Florence. A reader will be handed out during an introductory class in Utrecht (date and time t.b.a.).

Course requirements
Students will write a research paper with a 20 minutes-presentation at the institute (list of topics and outline term paper will be handed out at the beginning of the course). Paper: 2500 words (MA-level: 4000 words). Your presentation should include: brief outline of research question, state of research, method of research, sources used, additional questions raised, new insights, bibliography. Knowledge should reflect research, readings (Reader), and lectures.

Deadline paper: Monday, October 18th, 2021.

The following research questions are of importance to this course:

  • How do Leonardo’s ideas about good painting relate to his own artistic practice?
  • What visual strategies did he develop for the transmission of scientific knowledge and how do the image and the writing relate to each other?
  • How do Leonardo’s ideas about good painting relate to such ideas expressed by ancient authors (e.g. Pliny) and his contemporaries or near-contemporaries?
  • How do Leonardo’s ideas about painting relate to contemporary painting (does he criticize Italian painting and if so, why?)
    What is the influence he exerted on his contemporaries both as a painter and as a teacher of art?

Download the full course description with bibliography here.


The NIKI offers internships in current research projects. The following internships are currently available:

We can mediate in finding an internship at other (scientific) institutions in Florence and the surrounding area. Also, it is possible to do a tailor-made research internship under the supervision of our scientific staff.